Sunday, November 6, 2011

Ford Mustang


The Ford Mustang is an automobile manufactured by the Ford Motor Company. It was initially based on the second generation North American Ford Falcon, a compact car. Introduced early on April 17, 1964, as a "1964½" model, the 1965 Mustang was the automaker's most successful launch since the Model A.
The model is Ford's third oldest nameplate in production[citation needed] and has undergone several transformations to its current fifth generation.

Ford Mustang - First generation (1964 - 1973)

As Lee Iacocca's assistant general manager and chief engineer, Donald N. Frey was the head engineer for the T-5 project—supervising the overall development of the car in a record 18 months[—while Iacocca himself championed the project as Ford Division general manager. The T-5 prototype was a two-seat, mid-mounted engine roadster. This vehicle employed the German Ford Taunus V4 engine and was very similar in appearance to the much later Pontiac Fiero.

It was claimed that the decision to abandon the two-seat design was in part due to the low sales experienced with the 2-seat 1955 Thunderbird. To broaden market appeal it was later remodeled as a four-seat car (with full space for the front bucket seats, as originally planned, and a rear bench seat with significantly less space than was common at the time). A "Fastback 2+2" model traded the conventional trunk space for increased interior volume as well as giving exterior lines similar to those of the second series of the Corvette Sting Ray and European sports cars such as the Jaguar E-Type. The "Fastback 2+2" was not available as a 1964½ model, but was first manufactured on August 17, 1964.

Ford Mustang - Second generation (1974–1978)

Lee Iacocca, who had been one of the forces behind the original Mustang, became President of Ford Motor Company in 1970 and ordered a smaller, more fuel-efficient Mustang for 1974. Initially it was to be based on the Ford Maverick, but ultimately was based on the Ford Pinto subcompact.

The new model, called the "Mustang II", was introduced two months before the first 1973 oil crisis, and its reduced size allowed it to compete against imported sports coupés such as the Japanese Toyota Celica and the European Ford Capri[citation needed] (then Ford-built in Germany and Britain, sold in U.S. by Mercury as a captive import car). First-year sales were 385,993 cars, compared with the original Mustang's twelve-month sales record of 418,812.

Ford Mustang - Third generation (1979–1993)

The 1979 Mustang was based on the longer Fox platform (initially developed for the 1978 Ford Fairmont and Mercury Zephyr). The interior was restyled to accommodate four people in comfort despite a smaller rear seat. Body styles included a coupé, (notchback), hatchback, and convertible. Available trim levels included L, GL, GLX, LX, GT, Turbo GT (1983–84), SVO (1984–86), Cobra (1979–81; 1993), and Cobra R (1993).

Ford Mustang - Fourth generation (1994–2004)

In 1994 the Mustang underwent its first major redesign in fifteen years. Code-named "SN-95" by the automaker, it was based on an updated version of the rear-wheel drive Fox platform called "Fox-4." The new styling by Patrick Schiavone incorporated several styling cues from earlier Mustangs. For the first time since 1974, a hatchback coupe model was unavailable.

The base model came with a 3.8 OHV V6 (232 cid) engine rated at 145 bhp (108 kW) in 1994 and 1995, or 150 bhp (110 kW) (1996–1998), and was mated to a standard 5-speed manual transmission or optional 4-speed automatic. Though initially used in the 1994 and 1995 Mustang GT, Ford retired the 302 cid pushrod small-block V8 after nearly 40 years of use, replacing it with the newer Modular 4.6 L (281 cid) SOHC V8 in the 1996 Mustang GT. The 4.6 L V8 was initially rated at 215 bhp (160 kW), 1996–1997, but was later increased to 225 bhp (168 kW) in 1998.

Ford Mustang - Fifth generation (2005–present)

Ford introduced a redesigned 2005 model year Mustang at the 2004 North American International Auto Show, codenamed "S-197," that was based on the new D2C platform. Developed under the direction of Chief Engineer Hau Thai-Tang and exterior styling designer Sid Ramnarace,[39] the fifth-generation Mustang's styling echoes the fastback Mustangs of the late 1960s. Ford's senior vice president of design, J Mays, called it "retro-futurism." The fifth-generation Mustang is manufactured at the AutoAlliance International plant in Flat Rock, Michigan.

For the 2005 to 2009 production years, the base model was powered by a 210 hp (157 kW) cast-iron block 4.0 L SOHC V6, while the GT used an aluminum block 4.6 L SOHC 3-valve Modular V8 with variable camshaft timing (VCT) that produced 300 hp (224 kW). Base models had a Tremec T-5 5-speed manual transmission with Ford's 5R55S 5-speed automatic being optional. Automatic GTs also featured this transmission, but manual GTs had the Tremec TR-3650 5-speed.

Ford announced in July, 2007 that all 2008 Mustangs would have seats containing material derived from soybeans.[41] A new option for the 2009 Mustang was a $1,995 glass roof.[42]

The 2010 model year Mustang was released in the spring of 2009 with a redesigned exterior and a reduced drag coefficient of 4% on base models and 7% on GT models. The engine for base Mustangs remained unchanged, while GTs 4.6 L V8 was revised resulting in 315 hp (235 kW) at 6000 rpm and 325 lb·ft (441 N·m) of torque at 4255 rpm.[44] Other mechanical features included new spring rates and dampers, traction and stability control system standard on all models, and new wheel sizes.
All the Mustang's engines were revised for 2011, and transmission options included the Getrag-Ford MT82 6-speed manual or a 6-speed automatic. Electric power steering replaced the conventional hydraulic version. A new 3.7 L (3.72 L or 227 cu. in.) aluminum block V6 engine shaved 40 lb (18 kg) from the outgoing version. With 24 valves and Twin Independent Variable Cam Timing (TiVCT), it produced 305 hp (227 kW) and 280 lb·ft (380 N·m) of torque. GT models included a 32-valve 5.0 L engine (4.95 L or 302.15 cu. in.) (also referred to as the "Coyote" engine) producing 412 hp (307 kW) and 390 lb·ft (530 N·m) of torque on "premium fuel" (91 octane). Power dropped to 402 hp (300 kW) and 377 lb·ft (511 N·m) when using "regular fuel" (87 octane). Brembo brakes are optional along with 19-inch wheels and performance tires There is much speculation to the actual output of Ford's 5.0 powerplant. Various dynometer tests have revealed that Ford Motor Company underrated the engine, according to the tests the engine is closer to a power of 435hp and 404 ft. lbs tq.

The Shelby GT500's 5.4 L supercharged V8 block was made of aluminum making it 102 lb (46 kg) lighter than the iron units in previous years. It was rated at 550 hp (410 kW) and 510 lb·ft (690 N·m) of torque.


野马是急功近利当它首次亮相在其第18销售超过万辆汽车今天美国传奇第一种模式提供了多种发动机选择一个微不足道的直列6可以勉强鼓起超级强大的K -守则”V8发动机,生产了271马力105马力1964运行只有一个为期半年的释放,但1965年的模型证明福特,他们挖掘一些美国家伙真的想

Ford Mustang, den amerikanske legenden

The Mustang ble en umiddelbar suksess da den debuterte, og solgte mer enn en million biler i sine første 18 måneder, og i dag er det en amerikansk legende. Den første modellen tilbudt en rekke motor valg, fra en ynkelig inline 6 som knapt kunne mønstre 105 hestekrefter til superkraftig "K-Code" V8, som kvernet ut 271 hestekrefter. Denne 1964 kjører bare var et halvt års utgivelse, men 1965-modellen viste seg å Ford at de hadde banket inn noe den amerikanske fyren egentlig ønsket.

Ford mustang, il mito americano

Il Mustang fu un successo immediato quando ha debuttato, vendendo oltre un milione di vetture nei primi 18 mesi, ed oggi è una leggenda americana. Il primo modello ha offerto una varietà di scelte motore, da una misera linea 6 che riusciva a malapena a mettere insieme 105 cavalli per il super-potente "K-Code" V8, che sfornato 271 cavalli. Questo 1964 è stato eseguito solo un semestre di rilascio, ma del 1965 modello si è rivelato a Ford che avevano sfruttato in qualcosa il ragazzo americano voleva davvero.

Ford Mustang, la légende américaine

La Mustang a été un succès instantané lors de sa sortie, en vendant plus d'un million de voitures dans ses 18 premiers mois, et aujourd'hui c'est une légende américaine. Le premier modèle offre une variété de choix de moteurs, d'une ligne chétifs 6 qui pouvait à peine rassembler 105 chevaux pour le super-puissant "K-code" V8, qui déversées 271 chevaux. Cette course 1964 était seulement un communiqué de la demi-année, mais le modèle 1965 s'est avéré qu'elles avaient Ford puisé dans quelque chose que les gars voulaient vraiment américaine.



فورد موستانج، وأسطورة الأمريكية

وكان الفرس نجاحا فوريا عند بدايتها، وبيع أكثر من مليون سيارة في الأشهر ال 18 الأولى، واليوم انها أسطورة الأميركية. عرضت أول نموذج مجموعة متنوعة من خيارات المحرك، من سقيم 6 المضمنة التي يمكن حشد بالكاد 105 حصانا إلى قوة عظمى "رمز ك" V8، والتي تمخضت عن 271 حصانا. وكان هذا السباق 1964 سوى الافراج نصف السنة، ولكن نموذج 1965 ثبت فورد أنها داعبت شيء الرجل الأميركي يريد حقا.

Ford Mustang, American Legend

Мустанг был мгновенный успех, когда он дебютировал, продав более миллиона автомобилей в первые 18 месяцев, и сегодня это американская легенда.Первая модель предлагает широкий выбор двигателей выбор из тщедушного встроенный 6 видно, что едва мог собрать 105 лошадиных сил для супер-мощный «К-код" V8, который выходящих из стен 271 лошадиных сил. Это 1964 пробег был всего полгода релиза, но в 1965 году модель оказалась Форда, что они что-то постучал в американский парень действительно хотел.

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